Journey Genetic Testing 1-855-362-5224

Legal AABB Accredited DNA Test



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Our Legal DNA Testing service will provide a 100% accurate answers to the question of the biological relationship of those testing. Journey Genetic Testing is here to help you on this journey of self-discovery in learning the truth through DNA.

  • You Will Have Access To Our Expertise: We are leaders in DNA legal testing. Our Genetic Consultants have a deep understanding of paternity and relationship issues and the latest advancements in DNA analysis.
  • We Guarantee Accurate DNA Results: Using the most advanced technology, our AABB parent lab will provide you with 100% accurate results. Your testing is performed twice to ensure your report is correct.
  • We Provide Everything You Need: We will set your appointment for a professional DNA collection at the location with an approved collector that is closest to you. We can also set collection appointments at different times for each person if that is best for you. We can also set appointments in different locations if those testing do not live near each other. We do not charge extra for this service.
  • We Make Sure This Is An Easy Process: All you need to do is go to you appointment. All fees are covered. Adults will need to show a government issued picture identification that is current (driver's license, state ID card, military ID, or passport. For minor children the DNA collector will take a photo to attach to the chain of custody.
  • Your Information Is Confidential: We know how sensitive personal DNA information is. This information will never be sold and will only be used to test for a specific relationship.
  • You Will Have Personalized Customer Support: Our friendly and knowledgeable team is here to answer any questions you may have along the way.

Basic Information

For cases to be legally admissible in court, a proper chain of custody for the sample is essential, and it must originate from an authorized Journey Genetic Testing collection site, or from a medical professional such as your physician. When DNA test outcomes are needed for legal matters such as child support, social security, or custody disputes, it is imperative to opt for "legal" DNA tests. While "at-home" DNA tests offer equivalent information to legal ones, they are not designed for presentation in a court of law and are explicitly deemed non-court-admissible.

All DNA collectors should be trained in AABB paternity and relationship testing processes. You DNA collector cannot be someone you know, the only exception being your doctor. The collector must also not have any interest in the outcome of the test. 

What's Involved In Legal Testing?

  1. Order your legal DNA test online or over the phone.
  2. We will make an appointment (or appointments) for you at an approved DNA-collection facility near you. Professional DNA collectors go through training, and we only work with those collectors who follow AABB guidelines.
  3. We send a legal DNA test kit directly to the facility. Anyone participating in the testing, a family member, or friend, is not allowed to have the legal collection in their possession at any time.
  4. Participants show up at the designated times (they don’t have to be there at the same appointment). If the participants live in different locations, we can schedule with different collectors if necessary. Sometimes it may be in everyone's best interest to have their DNA collected at the same location but at different time. We can accomidate these needs as well.
  5. A chain of custody is completed. This is The DNA collector checks and photocopies the adult IDs, takes photos of the minor child(ren) being tested (attached to the chain of custody to verify the child's identity), and verifies consent signatures. He/She then either witnesses, or in most cases performs, the DNA collection. The collection is done using a painless mouth swab. Adults must bring government issued identification.
  6. The DNA collector signs the necessary paperwork and overnights the DNA samples to our lab
  7. When results are ready in 1-2 business days (depending on the test), the notarized report is emailed and can be printed for a  legal copy. We can also send a copy via USPS Priority mail if requested.

N.Y. residents can order the legal testing online, however the N.Y. state laws require a physician's order or court order be presneted at the time the collection appointment is scheduled. This requirement is for all legal DNA testing. 

Listed below are the most often asked questions from our clients about Legal DNA Testing. If you have questions that are not answered here, or on the webpage about your specific test, please reach out to us! You can call us a 1-855-362-5224 or email our tean at
What Is Legal DNA Testing?

The term "chain of custody" pertains to the careful supervision and control of DNA samples throughout the testing procedure. Initially, it necessitates the involvement of an impartial third party responsible for accurately identifying the individuals being tested and collecting their DNA samples. Subsequently, it demands the secure transportation of both the DNA samples and accompanying documentation to the testing facility without any unauthorized alterations. Finally, it mandates the proper handling of the DNA samples and associated paperwork by a qualified laboratory.

Throughout the testing process, the sample IDs are meticulously tracked and documented. This meticulous procedure allows the laboratory to generate notarized test results, ensuring their admissibility in a court of law.

In contrast, in-home DNA tests lack the same level of sample security. The collection of DNA in these kits, primarily used for curiosity-driven purposes, lacks oversight by an unbiased third party. Consequently, the laboratory cannot vouch for the identity of those contributing the DNA samples in in-home DNA testing, making the results unsuitable for legal purposes.

When Do You Need A Legal DNA Test?

Individuals may opt for a chain of custody DNA test in various situations, including:
Social Security benefits
Custody battles
Insurance benefits
Confirmation of named paternity on a birth certificate
Estate settlement proceedings
Addressing IRS discrepancies
Verifying eligibility for military benefits
Supporting an immigration application
Conducting inquiries related to adoption

Why Do Judges, Lawyers, And Government Offices Require Chain-Of-Custody DNA Results?

For a legal DNA test intended for use in court, it is crucial that the test withstands any allegations of tampering or misconduct. Adherence to a proper chain of custody throughout the DNA testing processes is essential for ensuring that the results can withstand scrutiny from the judge or opposing counsel. The court requires assurance that meticulous steps were taken during the DNA testing to safeguard the identification of samples and their association with the tested parties.

Results derived from chain of custody DNA testing hold a distinct status, as they are not considered "hearsay." Each transfer of evidence, specifically the DNA sample, undergoes rigorous documentation, ensuring its authenticity. This meticulous process guarantees that only authorized individuals had access to the DNA samples, thereby preventing any potential influence on the test results. In the event of opposition questioning the DNA test results in court, a properly maintained chain of custody serves to dispel doubts about the conduct of the DNA test and the identification of the involved parties.

How is My DNA Collected In Legal DNA Testing?

Chain of custody DNA testing is typically conducted in the presence of a neutral third party, often a laboratory professional stationed at a hospital or clinic. In this setting, painless buccal (cheek) swabs are taken from each participant to collect their DNA, eliminating the need for a blood test, as DNA is present in every cell of the body.

During the process, the laboratory professional will request participants to:

-Present government-issued identification for adults, which will be photocopies.
-A parent who is on the birth certificate must sign the chain-of-custody providing permission for a minor child to test.

-If a parent is not available to sign consent, a legal guardian may sign in their place. Proof of legal guardianship should be presented at the appointment, and will be copied and submittied with the consent form.
-Undergo having a photo taken of minors.

-Collect DNA samples from all participants. This will usually be a mouth swab.

After this, the sample collector overnights the buccal swabs to a laboratory in a securely sealed, tamper-evident package. Upon arrival at the laboratory, the staff meticulously checks the integrity of the package seal. If the seal is intact, the DNA samples are put into testing to determine the existence of a biological relationship.

Can I Use My Legal DNA Test Results To Get Child Support?

Journey Genetic Testing adheres to a rigorous chain of custody in legal testing procedures, ensuring that our results stand up to scrutiny in courts and government agencies. Numerous individuals rely on our test results for crucial legal matters, including securing child support and substantiating claims for Social Security benefits or inheritances. Our commitment to maintaining a strict chain of custody enhances the reliability and defensibility of the results in various legal contexts.

How Soon Can I Do A Legal DNA Test After My Baby Is Born?

A DNA test for a baby can be conducted shortly after birth, once the infant has been cleaned by hospital staff. The collection method involves using a cheek swab. It is crucial that the baby's mouth is free from meconium, amniotic fluid, breast milk, or formula during the DNA collection to ensure accurate and uncontaminated results. This careful approach in sample collection helps maintain the integrity of the genetic material and contributes to the reliability of the DNA test results.

Why Should I Take A Legal DNA Test Right After My Child's Birth?

While it may be awkward for individuals in a relationship to request a paternity test, it is essential in the long term to confirm whether the potential father is indeed the biological parent. Procrastination can lead to complications, and it is far better to establish paternity early on to avoid the potential disruption of a father-child relationship that has already developed. Additionally, the child has the right to access their medical history and potentially be eligible for their biological father's benefits. The most definitive and legal way to establish this relationship is through DNA testing. This not only provides clarity but also ensures that the child can benefit from a comprehensive understanding of their familial and medical background.

Furthermore, it's important to note that many states have laws granting a man the opportunity to contest paternity within a specific, although often short, timeframe after the baby's birth. Even if the individual has signed the birth certificate or an acknowledgement of paternity, failing to exercise this right through a legal paternity test with court-admissible results may result in the court treating him as the legal father. In such cases, he may be legally obligated to provide child support. Therefore, it underscores the importance of timely and legally recognized paternity testing for those in such situations.

Are Legal DNA Tests Covered By Insurance, Medicaid, Or Other ACA Programs?

Probably not, because this is a voluntary test, paternity testing is not covered by health insurance or Medicaid. We suggest you check with you insurance company directly in case they will reinburse the cost of the testing. Please note that we do not bill insurance of government programs directly.

The results will differ slightly if you are doing a paternity test or a relationship test. In either case, the results we deliver to you will be 100% accurate, and court admissible.

All legal paternity and family relationship test results lists the following information:

  • The allele sizes of the different DNA markers examined and used in the statistical analysis portion of the test (i.e., the DNA profile)
  • A Probability of Paternity/Relationship value
  • A Combined Paternity/Relationship Index (CPI/CRI) value

You will want to focus on the probability of paternity/relationship percentage. The CPI/CRI value represents the odds against another random, unrelated, untested male/person in the population having the same results as the participants. IMPORTANT: DNA testing is calculated using statistics. Therefore, a probability of paternity/relationship can never be 100%, because that perfect score would require testing every person on earth with the same racial background of the people being tested—which isn’t possible. A probability of 99%+ is considered conclusive.

Paternity Test Results

We strictly adhere to all paternity test guidelines regarding the language used in the report. Consequently, your paternity test results will explicitly state whether the potential father is excluded or is not excluded as the biological parent of the tested child. This clear and precise language ensures the accurate communication of the test outcome based on established standards and protocols.

  • IS EXCLUDED: Means that he cannot be the father because testing determined that he and the child do not share a biological parent/child relationship.
  • IS NOT EXCLUDED: Means that the results show the man is overwhelmingly probable to be the biological father because testing determined that he and the child do share a biological parent/child relationship. Most states require a 95% probability showing the man is the likely father. Our test results show either 0% or 99.99+% in the results.


Relationship Test Results

The probability of inclusion (proof the relationship is supported by the genetic evidence of the profiles) or exclusion (proof the tested relationship is not supported by the genetic profiles), is based on a probability range, since the testing is one step removed from a direct paternity test. What this means is that these type of tests compare the possible grandchildren, nephew/nieces, or full/half siblings. rather than a parent to child test.

For legal relationship tests, commonly referred to as Kinship DNA tests, it is always suggested to include the biological mother of the child, if that is possible. This will give the strongest probability. The range of probability that establishes the relationship has been established by AABB, the accreditation agency for paternity and relationship testing. Here are the ranges that are important to look for:

91% up to and including 99.9+% shows that that relationship exists. This means that in a legal setting it is likely that the relationship would be ruled as existing. 

9% down to and included 0% shows that the relationship is not likely. This means that in a legal setting it is unlikely that the relationship would be ruled as existing.

Once you receive your DNA results, it you have additional questions, our Genetic Consultants are available for assistance.


You can read more of our firsthand reviews from customers who have done their DNA testing through our company by clicking on CLIENT REVIEWS. We take pride in delivering a top-notch 5-star customer experience. Reach out to us with any questions. We look forward to helping you on your journey to truth through DNA.

Outstanding service.

Rated 5.0 out of 5
January 4, 2024

Outstanding service and helpfulness.

Mary C

Exceptional Service

Rated 5.0 out of 5
December 23, 2023

I purchased a test for my son, and it arrived promptly within two days. After sending it back via mail on Wednesday, I received the results by Friday. I highly recommend this service.

Richard D

You were very Helpful

Rated 5.0 out of 5
December 17, 2023

You were very helpful and helped me to set clear expectations. The results arroved more quickly than I thought they would. This company demonstrated to me the professional reliability I expected from an accredited laboratory. Wholeheartedly recommended.

John A

Thank you for your help and guidance

Rated 5.0 out of 5
December 9, 2023

It had been over a year since I’d talked to my last living grandparent so there was tension right from the beginning. Fortunately Journey Genetic Testing has experience helping people dealt with family tensions – I don’t know how we would have got through this without your help!

Tony G

Pleased with service received.

Rated 5.0 out of 5
December 8, 2023

I ordered the test for legal purposes for one of my clients. The entire process was swift and straightforward. I will use Journey again.

Michael D